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Two-dimensional (2D) organic–inorganic hybrid halide perovskites (OIHPs) have been considered by researchers in the field of solar cells due to their high-temperature stability. In this paper, the electronic and optical properties of single-layer (SL) and multilayer (ML) structures of MAPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, I and MA = CH3NH3) have been studied by density functional theory (DFT) in order to predict its photovoltaic capabilities. The results have shown that SL- and ML-MAPbX3 have a direct band gap in the range of 1.76–2.70 eV. The calculation of dielectric constants has depicted that the static dielectric constants (SDCs) of SL-MAPbX3 are smaller than SDCs of ML-MAPbX3. However, as we expected, the reaction of the structures to in-plane (║) and out-of-plane (┴) polarizations was different; therefore, the SL- and ML-MAPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, I) were optically anisotropic. In addition, the intensity of the optical absorption spectrum for ML-MAPbX3 structures is approximately three times higher than that of SL-MAPbX3 structures. By increasing the radius of halogens (RCl<RBr<RI), surface area under the absorption curve increases and absorbs more. Furthermore, our results have shown that the electronic and optical behavior of 2D-MAPbX3 is suitable for photovoltaic applications and makes them useful for OIHP solar cells.

 

Ref: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15567036.2019.1568645

 

 

 

 

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In this paper, we have investigated the electronic transport properties and current-voltage characteristics of the armchair and zigzag Υ -graphyne nanotubes by the SIESTA and TRANSIESTA packages including density functional theory and nonequilibrium Green's function for the four chiral vectors 2, 3, 4, and 5. We found that the current in Υ -graphyne nanotubes is very negligible for low bias voltages, but it enhances precipitously for voltages above the threshold voltage. Both zigzag and armchair Υ -graphyne nanotubes reveal negative differential resistance, for specific diameters, which is a promising result for nano-based device usages such as switching and memory circuits. Finally, the characteristics of these nanotubes are similar to those of a two-way tunneling diode. Therefore, we can expect a new application that produces oscillation.

 

Ref: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/8617679

 

 

 

 

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In this paper, we have addressed the structural stability and hydrogen storage capability of single side and double side Na-decorated γ-Graphyne, Graphyne-like Boron Nitride and CCBN-yne, using three methods of density functional theory approximation: PBEsol, vdW-DF2-B86R and vdW-DF2. We also investigated the electronic properties of these structures, decorated by Na atoms and adsorbing hydrogen, such as density of states and band structure. Our results showed that hydrogen can be adsorbed up to three molecules per Na atom. We found the optimal geometries of adsorbed hydrogen molecules on adsorption candidates. We also found that Direct band-gap at “M” point changes after decoration and adsorption in mentioned structures. Finally, we explored metallic structures for hydrogen storage which can be used in the industry of fuel cells.

 

Ref: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025540817310139

 

 

 

 

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